Preschool Science Activities
Preschool science is easy for kids, they are curious about everything. Children are natural scientists
and the world is their laboratory.
My little tip
-Start a science box and fill it full of everyday items: microscope, rulers, strings, magnets, paper cups, toothpicks, coins,
rubber bands, paper clips, q-tips, or a compass. Now you have a box full of preschool science experiments!
-Encourage your child to experiment, ask questions, and explore. When he is making mud pies in the backyard,
relax, he is doing science experiments.
Help your child make paper airplanes,
(Paper Airplanes Worksheet).
You can use different types paper or let your child color the paper before folding.
Using the airplanes, let your child experiment flying them. Try having airplane races, or
see how far your child can fly their airplane and marking where it lands.
variety of colored apples
Have some apples of different colors. If possible, take the children outside and sit by a tree.
Ask them what they think is inside the apple. Cut open the apple and show the seeds. Explain that plants come from seeds,
like this tree. Tell them that on an apple tree beautiful flowers bloom in the spring, then apples grow during the summer and are
ready to pick in the fall. Then let the children try the different apples and tell you which color they like best.
Explain to your child that he is going to be wrapped up like a butterfly in a cocoon.
Then wrap a blanket tight around him and see how long it takes him to get out of it.
Discovery Guess & Feel Bags
Optional: construction paper, cotton balls, feathers, any other items for your child to guess
Fold construction paper in half and staple three of the sides together. Place an item in each separate bag.
Have your child reach into the bag, one at a time, and try to guess what it is. Then show what it is.
Erin R., Florida
Eye and Ear Guessing Game
Have your child, with his hands, make goggles over his eyes and look around. Explain that we use our eyes to see things around
us. Then have your child cup his hands to his ears and tell you what he hears. Explain that we use our ears to hear
things around us. Have your child pick something he sees and you try to guess what it is by asking questions or
have your child make an animal noise and you guess which animal it is.
Items with different textures
Explain to your child that you will be talking about his fingers. Have him count his fingers and wiggle them around.
Tell him the name of each finger and explain that our fingers help us feel. Then have a paper bag with items inside with different
textures. Have your child feel an item inside the bag and guessing what it is.
variety of colored paper
Explain to your child that the Earth is a beautiful place we need to keep clean.
This means we need to throw things in the garbage and not just anywhere.
Crumple up many pieces of different colored paper and throw it over the floor.
Then have a piece of paper to match each color lined up on the floor.
Have your child pick up the colored pieces and put them on the correct color paper. See how fast they can do it. For fun, go to a park and help your child clean up the garbage at the park.
How Does It Melt
Items that melt: chocolate chips, crayon pieces, butter, ice cubes, or gummy worms
ziplock bag for each item
Place each of the items in a ziplock bag. Let your child look at, feel and smell each item.
Then one by one melt each item in the microwave. Check to make sure they aren’t too hot, then give the bags back to your child.
Let your child explore the bags again and ask questions. How do the different items feel now? What do they look like now?
food coloring or markers
Have your child color each ice cube with a drop of food coloring. You can also use markers, but the food coloring is fun because it
will make colored water when it melts.
Let your child blow the ice around in a cookie sheet, with a blow dryer.
Explain that ice cubes are made when water gets so cold it freezes. Then the hot air melts the ice.
lemon or lime juice
q-tips or paint brushes
Pour the juice into a bowl and let your child paint with it or help him write a message. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. When your child's picture is done
put it in the oven for a couple of minutes, until the juice turns brown.
Go for a walk and collect different leaves. Explain that leaves soak in sunlight and change it into food for the plants.
Let your child compare and exam the leaves, then glue leaves onto a paper.
Preschool Science Fun Floaters
Optional: cotton balls, feathers, paper, bubbles, any other lightweight items
Toss the lightweight objects up and watch them float down,
or use a hair dryer to blow them up and keep them afloat.
Erin R., Florida
Preschool Science Magnetic Hunt
Give your child a magnet and go on a hunt around the house to find things that are magnetic. You can also give your child a pile of objects
and have him find which ones are magnetic.
optional: food coloring
Pour vinegar into a container and, if you want, add food coloring. Then have your child spoon in some baking soda. To make it really fun,
help your child sculpt a volcano out of sculpting dough, leaving a
pit in the middle for a plastic cup to fit. When the dough is hard and painted, put the cup in the middle. Add the vinegar, some red food coloring and then spoon in some baking soda.
Plastic Cup Telephones
2 plastic cups or tin cans
Poke a small hole in the bottom of the cups or cans. Push the string through the hole and tie it around a toothpick to keep it from
being pulled out the bottom. Do the same in the other cup. Make sure the string is tight when you talk, otherwise it won’t work.
Rubber Band Shooters
Help your child make a card house.
Then let your child shoot rubber bands to knock them over. Show your child that the farther they pull it back,
the farther it will go and the harder it will hit the cards. Try using different sizes of rubber bands.
other items to experiment with
Explain to your child that being a scientist means to ask questions and to try to find answers.
Have a variety of items for your child to experiment with; magnets, balloons, flashlights, and anything else you can think of.
Have him think of questions about the items and then find the answers to his questions.
Tupperware River and Lakes
a long, flat tupperware
Place in the tupperware a thick layer of dirt. Using a spoon or his fingers,
have your child make rivers and lakes in the dirt. When it is ready, slowly pour water in.
Have him watch the water flow into the lakes. A fun outdoor preschool science activity.
Water Container Experiments
cups and bowls
optional items: spoons, spray bottle, measuring cups, ice, rocks, sand, sugar, flour, marbles, paper
Give your child a variety of containers. Put down a towel and let child experiment pouring water between the different containers.
Try using spoons to move the water or a spray bottle. Which container holds the most?
How many cups does it take to fill up a container? Try adding ice, rocks, sand, sugar, flour, marbles, or paper.
Wet or Dry
cups and bowls
optional items: chalk, plastic, sink counter (with water on it), carpet, wet/damp dish towel, tape,
sippy cup (with condensation), metal object, marker, paint, glue
The child may guess that some items, such as metal and plastic, are wet when the things are just cold.
This will help teach the difference between cold and wet. It’s tricky perhaps for them because wet items are usually cold too.
Erin R., Florida
What's Under This
variety of objects of different shapes and sizes
Place the objects under a blanket.
Tell your child to find one of the objects by feeling for it through the blanket.
Once he finds it, pull out the object and have him find another one.
foods to taste
Get a variety of foods for your child to taste. Cover the foods and put a number next to each one. Let your child choose a number, then have him
close his eyes and taste the food that matches the number. See if he can guess the food.
I hope you enjoy my preschool science activities.
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